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Why Republic day is Celebrated?: Democratic vs Republic

'Republic day 2019 in India is being celebrated on 26th of January, at Saturday. In 2019, India is celebrating its 70th Republic Day. First Republic Day of India was celebrated on 26th of January , 1950'.

The date is January 26, 1950, a defining moment in Indian and world history. Krishna Menon, India's high commissioner in London, signs the Oath of Allegiance to a new constitution at a ceremony at India House. This signing marked India's new status as a republic. And ever since, the country has celebrated Republic Day on January 26.the Red Fort, which served as the main residence of Mughal emperors for almost two centuries. Today, the Red Fort is one of Delhi's most popular attractions for visitors.

Preamble Of Indian constitution

India is the world's largest democracy, and it's serious about its constitution. The country pulls out all the stops to celebrate its remarkable achievement in self-governing each Republic Day.The biggest focus is on New Delhi's impressive annual military and cultural parade, but this national holiday is celebrated far and wide

‘Independent Sovereign India’ were the words which were part of the Rules of Procedure drawn up by a Committee, suggested by Jawahar Lal Nehru, in the first few sittings of the Constituent Assembly. The word ‘Republic’ had no role to play by then and on the fifth day of the sitting, Nehru passed a resolution to insert the term which, had to be read as, This Constituent Assembly declares its firm and solemn resolve to proclaim India as an Independent Sovereign Republic and to draw up for her future governance a Constitution.

The Assembly witnessed detailed debates on the value and necessity of the term ‘Republic’. 

Famous Quote By B.R. Ambedkar

“Our difficulty is not about the ultimate future. Our difficulty is how to make the heterogeneous mass that we have to-day take a decision in common and march on the way which leads us to unity. Our difficulty is not with regard to the ultimate, our difficulty is with regard to the beginning.”

“Let us leave aside slogans, let us leave aside words which frighten people. Let us even make a concession to the prejudices of our opponents, bring them in, so that they may willingly join with us on marching upon that mad, which as I said, if we walk long enough, must necessarily lead us to unity.”

Dr. B.R. Ambedkar, The Father of Indian Constitution

Republic means - A state in which supreme power is held by the people and their elected representatives, and which has an elected or nominated president rather than a monarch.

Our constitution opens with the words that India is both a republic and a democracy.Republic is a Roman word. A republican state is one in which power rests with the citizens. Democracy is a Greek word. It means a state in which leaders are chosen from among the general population, and not the aristocracy. Republic and democracy don’t mean the same thing, and even democracy has many interpretations.

India freed itself from centuries of colonial British rule in August of 1947. They began work on new governing document for the sprawling nation, and it was adopted in November 1949.

But it wasn't until January 26, 1950, that its new constitution went into effect.

And on that day, with an estimated population of about 359 million people, India officially became the world's largest democracy. (By contrast, the United States with a current population of about 328 million is still catching up to India's 1950 figure).

And from that first January 26 onward, the country celebrates with Republic Day. In 2019, that date falls on a Saturday.

History Of Our Constitution

On 28 August 1947, the Drafting Committee was appointed to draft a permanent constitution, with Dr B R Ambedkar as chairman.

1949 :  26 January was chosen as the Republic day because it was on this day in 1930 when Declaration of Indian Independence (Purna Swaraj) was proclaimed by the Indian National Congress as opposed to the Dominion status offered by British Regime.

The Constituent Assembly of India adopted the current constitution of India on 26th Nov 1949 signed by the President Dr.Rajendra Prasad. Article 5,6,7,89,60,324,366,367,372,380,388,391,392 and 393 came into force at once instantly. So, Constitution of India is adopted on 26 November, 1949. But only some important portion of the constitution came to force on 26 November, 1949 i.e., Articles regarding Citizenship, President, Elections came to force on 26 November, 1949.

Dr. B.R. Ambedkar, The Father of Indian Constitution

1950 : Indian Constitution was framed by November 26. Those piece of the main Independence Day festivity (January 26, 1930) went to a choice to commend the Republic Day on January 26. Subsequently, sat tight for two months. January 26 is praised as the Republic Day of India. It was the day the Constitution of India, arranged by drafting board of trustees headed by BR Ambedkar, came into compel and supplanted the current Government of India Act,1935. The Constitution was framed thinking about the ethnic groups, various religions and provincial clans. In this way, finishing the trip of turning into a sovereign law based republic.

The Constituent Assembly became the Parliament of India under the transitional provisions of the new Constitution.This date is celebrated in India as the Republic Day

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