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10% Cap for EWS : Vote bank politics than Social justice


Lok Sabha passed the Constitution (124th Amendment) Bill 2019 to provide 10 per cent reservation in jobs and educational institutions to economically backward section in the general category. The bill was passed with 323 votes in favour and 03 against the bill. It has sought to provide a 10% quota for economically weaker sections in public employment and educational institutions.


The proposed reservation will be over and above the existing 50 per cent reservation enjoyed by the Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes and the Other Backward Classes, taking the total reservation to 60 per cent. The government will amend Articles 15 and 16 which are on discrimination and equal opportunity of the Constitution to implement it.


If The bill is not passed by both the houses within the terms of this Lok Sabha,

It will Lapse. The bill have to be ratified by at least half the state assemblies. As the Constitution is amended to add add economic and Backward as ground for reservations, It will have to pass the judicial review of the supreme court.

Four issues arise of this Bill:


(i) Can reservation be provided for EWS from among forward classes?

(ii) Can the Rs 8 lakh per family per annum income cut-off be right?

(iii) Can the threshold of 50% be increased to 60%? (iv) Are EWS a homogenous group? Why do we have reservation quotas at all?


Reservation in Upper castes


As it is Constitution Amendment Bill (CAB) will have to be passed by two-thirds of the MPs present and voting. If enacted, the 50% limit on total reservation laid down by the Supreme Court will be breached. In Indra Sawhney case (1992), a nine-judge bench majority ruled that economic criteria cannot be exclusively used (six judges). Three dissenting judges wanted reservation only on economic criteria and no other kind.


Government needs address Real Problems in our society which hampers Employment opportunities to millions of youth. Our economy is on the down side. Trade war between America & China is on the rise that decreases rupee value against US Dollar. There are lot things like Bad loans, Farmers Distress, Environmental Issues which needs to be addressed with priority


The politics behind the move


The ruling BJP party hopes that the bill will help consolidate the general castes in its support as it begins campaign for the Lok Sabha elections scheduled in April-May. Political watchers believe that sections of the upper castes had drifted from the party of late following its aggressive push to win over backward classes and Dalits.


#income #NarendraModi #Uppercastes #GeneralElections #economicallydeprivedsections #UPSC #GeneralStudies #Paper1 #Paper2

#UPSCPRELIMS2019


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